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  RELATED INFORMATION
Rules of Procedure for Administrative Determinations
SSCBOUTS Application
Temporary Discharge Permit Form
Title I - Sewer Use Code
Title II - Pretreatment Regulations
Title III - Separate Sanitary Sewer Code
Title IV - Combined Sewer Code

 Industrial Collection
Industrial wastewater is sewage that results from any process of industrial, commercial, governmental or institutional concerns, manufacturing, business, trade or research including the development, recovery and processing of natural resources, or from sources other than those described as domestic or residential sewage.

Groundwater and surface runoff may be considered industrial wastewater if contaminated with industrial process chemical constituents.

Industrial wastewater is subject to Federal Regulations developed by the United States Environmental Protection Agency (USEPA) and by the Northeast Ohio Regional Sewer District's local Code of Regulations (see table above). Misconceptions abound about industries and the program designed to control what they may dispose of into the public sewer system.

Industrial Pretreatment

The majority of industrial users are very conscientious about complying with discharge requirements. Many, especially electroplaters and metal finishers (the largest industrial group affected by discharge regulations), have spent millions of dollars for installation of equipment to remove the pollutants (cyanides, metals, acids and organic solvents) at their companies. Not unlike NEORSD, much more is spent annually by industries for operation and maintenance of this equipment, and for proper disposal (landfill) of the hazardous or non-hazardous sludges created to comply with discharge limits. However, a few companies still try to save a buck by cheating on pretreatment.

Why does NEORSD control industrial discharges?

NEORSD wastewater treatment plants are designed to treat organic wastes and remove solids. Some industrial wastes can interfere with the biological processes utilized in our plants, thereby not allowing the complete treatment of the organic material to take place. Worse, some pollutants can pass through our plants untreated and enter directly into the environment via our effluent discharge points. Also, some industrial pollutants contaminate sludge from publicly-owned treatment works (POTWs) and prevent its beneficial use.

Industrial Controls

Controls were established in the 1970's that required these types of materials to be destroyed or removed at the industrial source. The USEPA established general pretreatment program guidelines in 1978, which mandated state and POTWs' obligations under the federal Clean Water Act. These regulations required NEORSD to further control industries through enforcement of "categorical standards," which are technology-based discharge limits for specific pollutants established by USEPA for certain industrial processes.

Enforcement

The law also requires NEORSD to sample industrial discharges, to make industries monitor themselves, and to take a variety of enforcement actions against an industry depending on the severity and/or length of non-compliance or number of repeat offenses. At the highest level of enforcement are Show Cause Hearings, Cessation of Operation and Termination of Service, which are accomplished by NEORSD's Legal Department. Such actions are quickly learned of by the industrial community, and are an effective deterrent to those who may have thoughts of "cheating."
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